Author: zed

Filling the Marketing Automation Voids [Hacks]




See more at The Stack.

Watch Youtube as a pop-up window while working on other stuff

Let’s say you are working on a monotonous task that does not require your full attention, but still requires a hefty amount of time to complete – How do you entertain yourself while doing your job?
Usually, I tend to listen to music while working on some tasks, but I also like the ability to watch videos from time to time. But can you watch a video and continue working on your spreadsheet at the same time?
Well, of course – the most common way is to split screens:
split screen
 
The problem with this method is that a lot of screen-space is being wasted – if you watch a YouTube video, it’s probably ok if the video will be shown on a small part of the screen.
A better solution would be a floating window – but how do you that in Windows?
Here’s the solution:

  • a software called “Turbotop” will allow you to set any open window to be ‘always on top’, thus even if you work on a different application, the window you set to be shown on top, will always remain on top.
  • a shortcut to startup your browser without menus (aka ‘kiosk’ mode) – this will allow you to open YouTube directly in a minimal window, resize it to take a small portion of the screen, and keep it in one of the corners of the screen. Combine this with Turbotop and voila – you can now work on your spreadsheet, and watch Youtube without splitting the screen or hinder your work.

So let’s say you wish to do this trick with YouTube and Chrome:

  1. To open Chrome in ‘kiosk’ mode, create a shortcut with the following properties:
    “C:\Program Files (x86)\Google\Chrome\Application\chrome.exe” –app=http://youtube.com
  2. Download, install and run Turbotop. Then open the Chrome shortcut.
    Choose the Chrome window and enjoy your minimalist floating YouTube video.on top window
  3. I keep the Chrome shortcut as pinned icon in my task-bar, coupled with a ‘play’ button:
    great success
  4. Great Success!
    GREAT_SUCCESS (1)

 

How did I turn an alarming email to a list of potential clients

Recently a client of mine sent me an alarming email he received –聽it was a mention.com聽mention that showed that a website he owns is listed under an website vulnerability list. The website is actually mentioned a sub-domain address for a marketing software that my client uses, thus, the potential exploit is not on his server – but on the marketing software itself. Also, this particular potential-exploit isn’t of a real concern to us (nor to the marketing software development team, apparently 馃檪 ).
exploit
I quickly realized that if the reported exploit is global to all the users of the software, I can use the list of exploitable websites to find out all the clients of this marketing software. This is important as everyone who uses that particular software is a potential prospect for my client.
But how do I take a list of thousand of聽potentially exploitable聽domains and check who uses this specific聽marketing software?
Luckily, this is rather easy in theory – when trying to surf directly to a sub-domain that is redirected to the marketing software servers, the user is redirected to the main website, coupled with a unique URL parameter.
So let’s say that the URL for the marketing software is marketing.clientdomain.com, surfing to this address will redirect the user to clientdomain.com/?ms=1.
I knew then, that in order to filter the domains that uses the marketing software, I’ll have to check each domain for the URL it redirects to, and than filter this list in a spreadsheet software. However, manually checking each link in a browser is聽definitely not an option when you got a list with hundreds or more of potential domains.

So how did I get to filter the list?
Obviously I googled. It is important to know what to google. We are looking on a way to check domain redirection. If you do SEO, you already know the answer, but for the rest of you out there, the answer has to do with the HTTP header聽response. What I needed is a tool that will check redirection per URL so I googled for ‘check redirect url’, which resulted for many SEO tools, usually online websites that offer you the ability to check one particular URL for redirection. This, of course, isn’t sufficient when you have many URLs to check:

example URL checker service

example URL checker service, with multiple redirection hops (final URL is the one under 200 OK status)

My next google check contained the word ‘Excel’ – obviously, if I have a list of domains, and I need to check who fit a criteria, doing the whole process of checking redirects would be most convenient from within Excel. And indeed, Excel can be used for this purpose, rather easily, with an Excel add on called “SEOTools for Excel“. 聽I recommend downloading and install their free version, it can be useful for many purposes including this one (but on small scale, I’ll explain further in this post).

multi redirect checker

https://www.mediaworks.co.uk/ provides an easy to use template, but it’s very easy to create one yourself using the included SEOTools unshorturl function.

Using the SEOTools for Excel, I manage to do a small scale test of multiple domains – and indeed, some of them included the URL parameter indicating they (almost certainly) use the marketing software I was looking for. The problem however, that again, I faced a scaling problem.
Excel is a great tool, but it’s actually one of the worse tools for this type of work – excel is very slow in executing URL retrieval and is built inherently for our purposes: 聽Excel UI will stuck while it execute its functions. while it’s not an issue for a list with 100 URLS, when you have over 10,000 of them, Excel will be hell to use. The fact that excel will refresh the cell content (thus requesting the information again and again) under many circumstances add insult to injury. So…

Excel is not the solution!
I knew at this point that I must find a way to automate this process with a dedicated tool. The online ones, which I mentioned earlier, were mostly focused on scanning one domain. Even those that support multiple domains are limited (to bulks of 100 per scan), and there is always the risk of your information being stolen.
If a tool聽doesn’t exists, build one – or get someone to build it for you.
I started by googling the same strings, but this time with the world ‘Python’. Python is a very common, simple to use and understand programming language. I knew that even though I’m not a programmer, the chances I’ll find a working example and would be able to understand how the code works is very likely. I was not wrong.
I found the following code somewhere over聽stackoverflow.com:

import urllib2
for url in [“http://url1”, “http://url2”, ]:
try:
connection = urllib2.urlopen(url)
print connection.geturl()
connection.close()
except urllib2.HTTPError, e:
print e.getcode()

This simple code checks the URLS included in it, for their header response and print that on screen. This is nice, but聽a bit too simple for our purposes.
I had the domain list in an external file, the list was very big, it also contained some broken URLS. The code that you see here can handle only specific type of exceptions (errors in execution). But URLs retrieval can fail for many reasons. Also, printing the results inside a command line window isn’t practical either.
In the end, with the help of a programmer friend, we’ve modified the code to do the following:

  1. Check all the URLs in a file called source.csv
  2. Write all the successful responses to a text file called output.txt
  3. Ignore all exceptions – we don’t really care why a URL can’t be retrieve in this use-case

The resulting code is attached, together with an example source CSV:
http://zedonstuff.com/uploads/python-redirect-checker-example.zip

The end result?
I’ve created a huge list of companies that uses a particular marketing software聽– all of them are potential leads for my client.
The list cost nothing to create and is based on a publicly available聽information聽that was harvest by someone else 馃檪

Commercial alternative
There are, however, paid service that will do the scanning and technology identification for you, they are not cheap, but well worth the time if you build your potential lead lists based on technologies that companies uses – a known and recommended one is Built-with.

Before – After: Raw Data vs 16bit TIFF from SPP (Camera Reviews, Sigma DP2M)

The difference between the amount of data retained in the original DP2M capture, and the SPP produced TIFF file is amazing.
To test it, I’ve exported the photo with the default settings:
_P2M0056-default
Here, on the other hand – you can see the amount of data lost in the tiff when comparing the -2 stops images of both original RAW and TIFF:

The data in the sky is clearly lost in the TIFF, unlike what can be easily seen inside SPP editor.


Conclusion:
Multiple TIFF exposure exports are required from Sigma’s SPP program in order to capture the whole latitude range of the DP2M. This effectively means that in order to get the best out of your Sigma DP2M files – export 2 or 3 photos from SPP with different exposure values, and import them into Photoshop (or any other similar tool) as HDR tone-mapped material. That is of course, if the default exposure/latitude of the particular image is not to your satisfaction.

Sony A7s comments (Hebrew, Camera Reviews)

讛讘讬拽讜专转 砖诇讬 注诇 讛A7s 砖诇 住讜谞讬 驻讜专住诪讛 讗转诪讜诇 讘讗转专 讜讜讗诇讛-  http://tech.walla.co.il/item/2812594
讻专讙讬诇, 诪讚讜讘专 讘讘讬拽讜专转 讛驻讜谞讛 诇拽讛诇 讬注讚 专讞讘 讬讞住讬转, 讜注诇 讻谉 诇讗 讬讻讜诇讛 诇讛讻讬诇 讻诇诇 专砖诪讬 注诇 讛诪爪诇诪讛.
讗转 讛专砖诪讬诐 讛谞讜住驻讬诐 砖诇讬, 讜讚讜讙诪讗讜转 注讝专 讜讬讝讜讗诇讬讜转, 讗爪讬讙 驻讛 讘谞拽讜讚讜转:

  • 诪讬讚转 讛砖讬诪讜砖讬讜转 砖诇 讻诇 诪爪诇诪讛 讘讗讜专 谞诪讜讱, 转诇讜讬讛 讘专讗砖 讜讘专讗砖讜谞讛 讘讗讜驻讬 讛住爪讬谞讛 讛诪爪讜诇诪转 – 讗诐 讗讬谉 转讗讜专讛 讟讜讘讛 (讗讜 转讗讜专讛 讘讻诇诇, 诪诇讘讚 讝讬讛讜诐 讗讜专 注讬专讜谞讬) – 讗讬 讗驻砖专 诇讛讜爪讬讗 转诪讜谞讛 讟讜讘讛. 讝讛 谞讻讜谉 诇A7s 诇讗 驻讞讜转 诪砖讝讛 谞讻讜谉 诇诪爪诇诪讜转 注诐 讘讬爪讜注讬诐 谞诪讜讻讬诐 讘讛专讘讛 讘转讗讜专讛 谞诪讜讻讛. 讗转 讛转诪讜谞讜转 讛讟讜讘讜转 砖讛爪诇讞转讬 诇讛讜爪讬讗 诪讛诪爪诇诪讛, 讗驻砖专 讛讬讛 诇讛讜爪讬讗 讙诐 注诐 诪爪诇诪讛 专讙讬砖讛 驻讞讜转 – 讗讘诇 讘讝诪谉 讞砖讬驻讛 讗专讜讱 讬讜转专. 讛A7s 讗驻砖专讛 诇讬 诇讗 诇专讚转 诪诪讛讬专讜转 转专讬住 砖诇 1/50 讛砖谞讬讛. 讛讬转专讜谉 砖诇讛 讘low light, 诇转驻讬住转讬, 讛讜讗 诇诇讗 住驻拽 讘讜讬讚讗讜 砖诐 驻砖讜讟 诇讗 谞讬转谉 诇讘爪注 讞砖讬驻讛 讗专讜讻讛. 讘住讟讬诇住 – 爪讬诇讜诐 讘诪讛讬专讜转 转专讬住 谞诪讜讻讛 讬讜转专, 注诐 注讚砖讛 诪讬讜爪讘转 (讗讜 讬爪讜讘 诪讜讘谞讛 讻诪讜 讘A7 II) 讬转谉 转讜爪讗讜转 诪爪讜讬谞讜转 诇讛注专讻转讬.

  • 讛讞讬讬砖谉 砖诇 讛A7s 讛讜讗 诪拽讜专 讛讘注讬讜转 砖诇 讛’讜讬谞讬讬讟’ 讛住讙讜诇 砖诪讜驻讬注讛 讘讞砖讬驻讛 讗专讜讻讛 – 诇讗 讛mount. 讝讜 转讜驻注讛 砖诪转专讞砖转 讙诐 讘D800 注诇 驻讬 讛讗讚诪讬谉 砖诇 DPREVIEW (讙讙诇讜 A7S purple haze). 讝讛 诇讗 诪讟专讬讚 诪讚讬 (讘讬爪讜注讬 讛讞讬讬砖谉 注讚讬讬谉 驻谞讜诪谞诇讬讬诐) 讗讘诇 讞砖讜讘 诇爪讬讬谉 砖诪讬 砖注讜诪讚 诇讛砖转诪砖 讘讛 讘转讗讜专讛 谞诪讜讻讛 诪讗讜讚, 讘讬谉 讗诐 讘讜讬讚讗讜 讗讜 讘住讟讬诇住, 讬爪讟专讱 诇谞拽讜转 讬讚谞讬转 讗转 讛诪驻讙注 讛讝讛.
    sensor issue
  • 讛讛专讙砖讛 讛讻讬 讞讝拽讛 砖注诇转讛 诇讬 诪砖讬诪讜砖 讘A7s 讛讬讗 砖讗讜诪谞诐 诪讚讜讘专 讘讞讬讬砖谉 谞讛讚专, 讗讘诇 讛诪爪诇诪讛 诪专讙讬砖讛 驻讞讜转 专讜讘讜住讟讬转 诪讛GH4 诇爪专讻讬 讜讬讚讗讜. 拽砖讛 诇讛讙讚讬专 ‘专讜讘住讟讬讜转’ 讘讗诪爪注讜转 驻专诪讟专 讗讞讚, 讗讘诇 诇砖诪讞转讬 – 讬砖谞讛 讘讬拽讜专转 讘专砖转 (讘讗谞讙诇讬转) 砖诪住讘讬专讛 讘讚讬讜拽 讗转 讛转讞讜砖讛 砖诇讬 讜砖讜讜讛 诪讗讜讚 诇讘讚讜拽 讗讜转讛 诇驻谞讬 砖诪讞诇讬讟讬诐 诇诇讻转 注诇 诪讬 诪讛诪爪诇诪讜转 讛诇诇讜. 诇讘讬拽讜专转 讛诪砖讜讜讛 讘讬谞讛诐 讬砖 诇诇讞讜抓 驻讛 – 讙诐 讻讜转讘 讛讘讬拽讜专转 诪注讚讬祝 讗转 讛GH4 注诇 驻谞讬 讛A7S 注诇 讗祝 讬转专讜谞讛 砖诇 讛讗讞专讜谞讛 讘latitude, 讟讜讜讞 讚讬谞讗诪讬 讜讻诪讜讘谉 low-light.
  • 讜诇讞诇拽 讛讞砖讜讘, 转诪讜谞讜转:

    1421048_10152844323602367_3952617471320523620_o

    诪拽讜专 讘RAW – 谞讬转谉 诇讛讜专讬讚 驻讛. JPEG 注专讜讱 讘驻讜讟讜砖讜驻 诇讟注诪讬 讛讗讬砖讬 谞讬转谉 诇讛讜专讬讚 驻讛.

    诇讛讜专讚转 JPEG 注专讜讱 诇讟注诪讬, 讬砖 诇诇讞讜抓 驻讛. 诇讛讜专讚转 RAW 讬砖 诇诇讞讜抓 驻讛.

    诇讛讜专讚转 JPEG 注专讜讱 诇讟注诪讬, 讬砖 诇诇讞讜抓 驻讛. 诇讛讜专讚转 RAW 讬砖 诇诇讞讜抓 驻讛.

    JPEG 注专讜讱 诇讟注诪讬 谞讬转谉 诇诪爪讜讗 驻讛, RAW 谞讬转谉 诇诪爪讜讗 驻讛.

    JPEG 注专讜讱 诇讟注诪讬 谞讬转谉 诇诪爪讜讗 驻讛, RAW 谞讬转谉 诇诪爪讜讗 驻讛.

    拽讜讘抓 RAW 谞讬转谉 诇讛讜专讬讚 驻讛

    拽讜讘抓 RAW 谞讬转谉 诇讛讜专讬讚 驻讛

GH4 Review (Hebrew, Camera review written for Walla.co.il news site)

诪爪”讘 讙专住讛 诇讗 注专讜讻讛 砖诇 讛讻转讘讛 注诇 讛GH4 砖驻讜专住讛 讘讜讜讗诇讛. 讛讟拽住讟 讛诪拽讜专讬 砖诇讬 诪转讗专 拽爪转 讬讜转专 讗转 讛专拽注 诇驻讬转讜讞讛 砖诇 讛GH4.
讛讞讬讬诐 讘4K
讻砖讛转讘拽砖转讬 诇讻转讜讘 注诇 诪爪诇诪转 讛讚讙诇 讛讛讬讘专讬讚讬转 (诪爪诇诪讛 讗砖专 砖诪讛 讚讙砖 讝讛讛 注诇 讬讻讜诇讜转 住讟讬诇住 讜讜讬讚讗讜) 讛讞讚砖讛 砖诇 驻谞住讜谞讬拽, 讗诪专转讬 诇爪讜讜转 讛讗转专 讻讬 讝讜 讘讬拽讜专转 诪讬讜转专转 – ‘诪讚讜讘专 讘诪爪诇诪讛 讟讜讘讛, 讗谞讬 讬讜讚注 讗转 讝讛’.
讘诪讬诇讬诐 讛诇诇讜, 谞讬住讬转讬 诇讛住转讬专, 住驻拽 讘讛爪诇讞讛, 讗转 讛讛转诇讛讘讜转 砖诇讬 诪住讬拽讜专 讛诪爪诇诪讛. 讛GH4 砖诇 驻谞住讜谞讬拽 诪注谞讬讬谞转 讘讛专讘讛 诪诪爪诇诪讜转 讬拽专讜转 讜讗拽讝讜讟讬讜转 讘讛专讘讛 诪诪谞讛 – 讜讻讬 诇诪讛?
讻讚讬 诇讛讘讬谉 讗转 诪拽讜专 讛讛转诇讛讘讜转 讬砖 专讗砖讬转 诇住拽讜专 讘拽爪专讛 讗转 砖讜拽 讛爪讬诇讜诐 讛讚讬讙讬讟诇讬 讛讬讜诐, 讜讗转 讛讬讬讞讜讚 砖诇 讛GH4 讘转讜讻讜. 讘诪砖讱 砖谞讬诐 专讘讜转, 砖讜拽 讛爪讬诇讜诐 讛讚讬讙讬讟诇讬 (讘讗诐 谞转注诇诐 诪诪爪诇诪讜转 拽讜诇谞讜注) 讛转讞诇拽 讘注讬拽专讜 诇拽讟讙讜专讬讜转 讛讘讗讜转:
鈥 诪爪诇诪讜转 诪拽爪讜注讬讜转, 讛讻讜诇诇讜转 讘转讜讻谉 诪爪诇诪讜转 专讬驻诇拽住 讚讬讙讬讟诇讬讜转 (DSLR) 讜诪爪诇诪讜转 诪讚讬讜诐-驻讜专诪讟 讘注诇讜转 讞讬讬砖谉 讙讚讜诇 讜讗讬讻讜转讬. 诪爪诇诪讜转 讛DSLR, 讗砖专 讛讞诇讬驻讜 讗转 诪爪诇诪讜转 讛专讬驻诇拽住 讛讬砖谞讜转 (驻讬诇诐) 讛驻讻讜 诇讻诇讬 讛注讘讜讚讛 讛注讬拽专讬 砖诇 爪诇诪讬 注讬转讜谞讜转 讜讗讬专讜注讬诐, 讜讗祝 讞讜讘讘讬 爪讬诇讜诐 讗砖专 诇讗 专爪讜 诇讛转驻砖专 注诇 讗讬讻讜转 转诪讜谞讛, 讜注诇 讛讞讜驻砖 讛拽专讬讗讬讬讟讬讘讬 讗砖专 诪转讗驻砖专 讘专讻讬砖转 注讚砖讜转 砖讜谞讜转, 爪讬讜讚 讛讬拽驻讬 诪转拽讚诐 (驻诇讗砖讬诐) 讜注讜讚.
鈥 诪爪诇诪讜转 拽讜诪驻拽讟讬讜转 讘注诇讜转 讞讬讬砖谉 拽讟谉, 讗诇讜 讻讜诇诇讜转 讙诐 诪爪诇诪讜转 讚诪讜讬讜转 DSLR (讘爪讜专转谉) 讜诪爪诇诪讜转 讻讬住. 讛诪爪诇诪讜转 讛拽讜诪驻拽讟讬讜转 讛驻讻讜 诇驻讜驻讜诇专讬讜转 讘讬讜转专 讘拽专讘 讛爪专讻谉 讛诪诪讜爪注 – 诪讬 诪讗转谞讜 诇讗 爪讬诇讜诐 讟讬讜诇 讗讜 讗讬专讜注 诪砖驻讞转讬 注诐 诪爪诇诪转 讻讬住 讚讬讙讬讟诇讬转, 讘砖诇讘 讻讝讛 讗讜 讗讞专?
鈥 诪爪诇诪讜转 讜讬讚讗讜 讘注诇讜转 讞讬讬砖谉 拽讟谉, 讗诇讜, 讘砖讬诇讜讘 注诐 诪讻砖讬专讬 讛DVD, 讛住讟专讬诪专讬诐 讜诪住讻讬 讛LCD 讜讛驻诇讝诪讛 砖谞驻讜爪讜 讘砖讜拽 讛驻讻讜 诇讗诪爪注讬 爪讬诇讜诐 讜讬讚讗讜 谞驻讜抓 诪讗讜讚.
讘注讜诇诐 诇诇讗 诪讻砖讬专讬诐 住诇讜诇专讬讬诐, 讻谞专讗讛 砖讞诇讜拽讛 诪住讜专转讬转 讝讜 讛讬讬转讛 谞砖讗专转 砖谞讬诐 专讘讜转. 注谞拽讬讜转 讻诪讜 拽谞讜谉 讜谞讬拽讜谉 诇讗 讛讬讜 诪专讙讬砖讜转 爪讜专讱 诇砖讻诇诇 讗转 讗讜转谉 谞讜住讞讗讜转 砖注讜讘讚讜转 砖谞讬诐 注诇 讙讘讬 砖谞讬诐 – 讛讙讬砖讛 砖诇 讛讞讘专讜转 讛诇诇讜 诇讞讚砖谞讜转 讛讬讗 专讬讗拽讟讬讘讬转, 诇讗 讗拽讟讬讘讬转 – 讗诐 讛诪讻砖讬专讬诐 讛住诇讜诇专讬讬诐 诇讗 讛讬讜 诪讜讞拽讬诐 讻诪注讟 讻诇讬诇 讗转 拽讟讙讜专讬转 讛诪爪诇诪讜转 讛拽讜诪驻拽讟讬讜转, 讛谉 讛讬讜 注讜砖讜转 讗转 诪讛 砖注砖讜 砖讜讘 讜砖讜讘: 讛讜爪讗转 诪爪诇诪讛 讞讚砖讛 诇砖讜拽 讻诇 砖谞讛 注讚 砖谞转讬讬诐, 转讜讱 讛讘讚诇 诪讬谞讬诪诇讬 讻讻诇 讛讗驻砖专 讘讬谉 讛诪爪诇诪讜转 讘讟讻谞讜诇讜讙讬讛 注爪诪讛. 诇诪讝诇谉 讛专注 砖诇 拽谞讜谉, 讜谞讬拽讜谉, 讛注讜诇诐 讛砖转谞讛 讘讻诇 讛讞讝讬转讜转: 讟诇驻讜谞讬诐 讞讻诪讬诐 讛驻讻讜 诇讻诇讬 讛注讬拽专讬 诇爪讬诇讜诐 讜讬讚讗讜 讜转诪讜谞讜转 住讟讬诇住, 讜砖转讬 讛拽讟讙讜专讬讜转 讛讗讞专讜谞讜转 砖爪讬讬谞转讬 – 诪爪诇诪讜转 拽讜诪驻拽讟讬讜转 讜诪爪诇诪讜转 讜讬讚讗讜 (讘讬转讬讜转) 讘讚专讻谉 诇讛注诇诐 讻诇讬诇.
诪讻讬讜讜谉 砖拽谞讜谉 讜谞讬拽讜谉, 讻讗诪讜专, 讛讬谞谉 专讬讗拽讟讬讘讬讜转, 讜讻诪注讟 讜讗祝 驻注诐 诇讗 注讜砖讜转 讗转 讛爪注讚 讛专讗砖讜谉 – 讞讘专讜转 讗讞专讜转, 讻讙讜谉 驻谞住讜谞讬拽, 住讜谞讬 讜讗讜诇讬诪驻讜住, 讞专讟讜 注诇 讚讙诇谉 注专讻讬诐 讻诪讜 讞讚砖谞讜转 讜讬爪讬专转讬讜转, 讘诪讟专讛 诇住驻拽 讗诇讟专谞讟讬讘讛 砖诇 诪诪砖 诇爪专讻谞讬诐 砖诪讞驻砖讬诐 诪爪诇诪讜转 讘注诇讜转 讗讬讻讜转 转诪讜谞讛 讙讘讜讛讛, 砖讗讬谞谉 讘讛讻专讞 诪讘讜住住讜转 讟讻谞讜诇讜讙讬讜转 讬砖谞讜转 (讙诐 讗诐 诪讜爪诇讞讜转) 讻诪讜 诪爪诇诪讜转 讛DSLR 砖诇 拽谞讜谉 讜谞讬拽讜谉.
讘2008, 讛讻专讬讝讜 驻谞住讜谞讬拽 讜讗讜诇讬诪驻讜住 注诇 转讜砖讘转 讞讚砖讛 诇注讚砖讜转, 讜诇讬讬谉 讞讚砖 砖诇 诪爪诇诪讜转 讛诪讘讜住住讜转 注诇讬讛. 讛砖讬谞讜讬 讛讬讛 驻砖讜讟 – 讛谉 讝谞讞讜 讗转 讛诪专讗讛 砖讛讝讬谞讛 讗转 讛讗讜专 诇注讬谞讬转 讛讗讜驻讟讬转 诇讟讜讘转 注讬谞讬转 讚讬讙讬讟诇讬转, 诪讘讜住住转 诪住讱 LCD, 讗砖专 诪专讗讛 诇诪砖转诪砖 讗转 讛转诪讜谞讛 讛诪转拽讘诇转 注诇 讛讞讬讬砖谉. 讛诪爪诇诪讜转 讛诇诇讜 注讘讚讜 讘爪讜专讛 讚讜诪讛 诇拽讜诪驻拽讟讬讜转, 讗讱 砖诪专讜 注诇 讛讜讜专住讟讬诇讬讜转 砖诇 诪爪诇诪讜转 讛DSLR – 谞讬转谉 讛讬讛 诇讛讞诇讬祝 注讚砖讜转 讘讛谉, 讛讞讬讬砖谉 讛讬讛 讙讚讜诇 诪讗讜讚 讘讬讞住 诇诪爪诇诪讛 拽讜诪驻拽讟讬转 (讜讻讱, 住讬驻拽讜 讗讬讻讜转 转诪讜谞讛 讟讜讘讛 诪讛谉) 讜讛讙讜讚诇 讜讛诪砖拽诇 砖诇讛谉 讛讬讛 拽讟谞讬诐 讘讛专讘讛 诪诪爪诇诪讜转 诪拽爪讜注讬讜转.
诇讗讟 讜诇讘讟讞, 谞讜爪专讛 诇讛 拽讟讙讜专讬讛 讞讚砖讛, 砖讗讻诇讛 讛谉 诪谞转讞 讛砖讜拽 砖诇 诪爪诇诪讜转 讛DSLR, 讜讛谉 诪讛诪注讟 砖谞讜转专 诇诪爪诇诪讜转 讛拽讜诪驻拽讟讬讜转. 讞讜讘讘讬 爪讬诇讜诐 砖讞讬驻砖讜 诪爪诇诪讜转 拽诇讜转 诪砖拽诇 诇砖讗转 讗讬转谉 诇讟讬讜诇讬诐, 讗讱 诇讗 专爪讜 诇讜讜转专 注诇 讛讜讜专住讟讬诇讬讜转 砖讘诪爪诇诪讛 注诐 注讚砖讜转 诪转讞诇驻讜转 – 讛讞诇讜 诇专讗讜转 讘拽讟讙讜专讬讛 讛讞讚砖讛, 诪爪诇诪讜转 讛’mirrorless’ 讻转讞诇讬祝 住讘讬专, 讗讜 驻砖专讛 诪讜砖讻诇转, 讘讬讞住 诇诪爪诇诪讜转 讛DSLR 讛讻讘讚讜转 讬讜转专.
讘讗驻专讬诇 2009 讛讻专讬讝讛 驻谞住讜谞讬拽 注诇 诪爪诇诪讛 讞讚砖讛, GH1, 讗砖专 讛讬讬转讛 注转讬讚讛 诇讛讞诇讬祝 讗转 诪爪诇诪转 讛mirrorless 讛专讗砖讜谞讛 砖诇讛, 讛G1. 讛转讜住驻转 砖诇 讛H 讘砖诐 爪讬讬谞讛 讚讘专 驻砖讜讟 – 讜讬讚讗讜.
讘谞讬讙讜讚 诇诪爪诇诪讜转 讛DSLR 讘讛谉 讬讻讜诇转 爪讬诇讜诐 讛讜讬讚讗讜 讛转讜讜住驻讛 讻诇讗讞专 讬讚 (专讗砖讬转 讘D90 砖诇 谞讬拽讜谉, 讜讗讝 讘拽谞讜谉 5D Mark II) – 讛GH1 砖诇 驻谞住讜谞讬拽 谞讘谞转讛 诪专讗砖 诇讛讬讜转 诪爪诇诪讛 讛讬讘专讬讚讬转 – 讻讝讜 砖转转讗讬诐 讛谉 诇爪讬诇讜诐 住讟讬诇住, 讜讛谉 诇爪讬诇讜诐 讜讬讚讗讜. 诪讘谞讛 讛诪爪诇诪讛 讛讬讛 讻诪爪诇诪转 住讟讬诇住, 讗讱 诪注讘讚 转诪讜谞讛 讞讝拽, 诪住讱 诪驻专拽讬 讜讞讬讬砖谉 拽讟谉 讜诪讛讬专 讛驻讻讜 讗转 讛GH1 诇诪爪诇诪讛 砖注诇 讛谞讬讬专 诇驻讞讜转, 讛转讗讬诪讛 讬讜转专 诇讜讬讚讗讜 诪讗砖专 讛转讞专讜转 诪讘讬转 谞讬拽讜谉 讜拽谞讜谉.
讛GH1 诇讗 讛讬讬转讛 讞驻讛 诪讘注讬讜转 砖诪谞注讜 诪诪谞讛 诇讬讬爪专 讗讬诪驻拽讟 砖诇 诪诪砖 讘砖讜拽 – 讛讜讬讚讗讜 拽讜讚讚 讘Bitrate 谞诪讜讱, 讜住讬驻拽 讗讬讻讜转 转诪讜谞讛 诪驻讜拽驻拽转 讘诪拽专讬诐 讘讛诐 讛转专讞砖讛 转谞讜注讛 专讘讛 注诇 讛诪住讱, 讜讛诪专讗讛 讛讬讬讞讜讚讬 砖诇 讛讜讬讚讗讜 砖诇 讛5D MARK II 砖诇 拽谞讜谉, 讘砖诇 讛讞讬讬砖谉 讛讙讚讜诇 讬讜转专 砖诇讛 – 讛驻讱 讗讜转讛 诇讘讞讬专讛 讛诪讜注讚驻转 讘注讬谞讬 拽讜诇谞讜注谞讬诐 (讻诪爪诇诪讛 谞讜住驻转 注诇 讛住讟, 诇砖讜讟讬诐 讘注诇讬 诪专讗讛 讬讬讞讜讚讬).
讘住讜祝 2010 砖讞专专讛 驻谞住讜谞讬拽 讗转 讛GH2, 讛诪爪诇诪讛 讛讬讬转讛 讻诪注讟 讝讛讛 诇GH1 讗讱 讘砖诇 驻专讬爪转-转讜讻谞讛 砖讘讬爪注 讛讗拽专 专讜住讬, 讛谉 讘讛 讜讘GH1 砖拽讚诪讛 诇讛 – 讬讻讜诇讜转 爪讬诇讜诐 讛讜讬讚讗讜 砖诇 讛诪爪诇诪讛 注诇讜 驻诇讗讬诐. 讛GH2 讗驻砖专讛 诇爪诇诐 讜讬讚讗讜 讘Bitrate 讙讘讜讛 诪讗讜讚, 讗砖专 注诇讛 注诇 住讟讚谞专讟讬诐 砖谞讬转谉 诇讛讙讚讬专诐 讻’Broadcast Quality’. 爪诇诪讬 讜讬讚讗讜 讛转讞讬诇讜 诇砖讬诐 诇讘 诇诪讛 砖讬砖 诇驻谞住讜谞讬拽 诇讛爪讬注 – 讗讬讻讜转 讜讬讚讗讜 讙讘讜讛讛 诪讗讜讚, 讘诪爪诇诪讛 拽讜诪驻拽讟讬转 讜讝讜诇讛, 注诐 砖诇诇 驻讬爪’专讬诐 砖诇讗 讛讬讜 拽讬讬诪讬诐 讘爪讚 砖诇 拽谞讜谉 (讻讙讜谉 讗讜讟讜驻讜拽讜住 诪转诪砖讱 讘讜讬讚讗讜). 拽谞讜谉 诪谞讙讚, 讘讞专讛 诇讛诪砖讬讱 诇住驻拽 讗转 讗讜转讜 诪讜爪专 – 讻诇 诇讬讬谉 诪爪诇诪讜转 讛DSLR 砖诇讛 讛转讘住住 注诇 讗讜转诐 诪注讘讚讬 转诪讜谞讛, 注诇 讗讜转诐 讞讬讬砖谞讬诐 讜注诇 讗讜转诐 驻讬爪’专讬诐 诇爪讬诇讜诐 讜讬讚讗讜. 讗转 讬讻讜诇讜转 讛讜讬讚讗讜 讛讙讘讜讛讜转 讬讜转专 专爪转讛 拽谞讜谉 诇砖诪讜专 诇诪爪诇诪讜转 讛讜讬讚讗讜 讛诪拽爪讜注讬讜转 砖诇讛, 讗砖专 诪转讜诪讞专讜转 讘注砖专讜转 讗诇驻讬 讚讜诇专讬诐 诇爪专讻谉.
驻谞住讜谞讬拽 诇讗 谞砖讗专讛 讞讬讬讘转, 讜讛讜爪讬讗讛 诇砖讜拽 讘住驻讟诪讘专 2012 讗转 讛GH3 – 讛谞”诇 诇拽讞讛 讗转 诪专讘讬转 讛驻讬爪’专讬诐 砖讛讜住驻讜 诇GH2 讘爪讜专讛 ‘驻讬专讗讟讬转’ 讜讛驻讻讛 讗讜转谉 诇驻讬爪’专讬诐 诪谉 讛诪谞讬讬谉. 诇专讗砖讜谞讛, 驻谞住讜谞讬拽 讛爪讬注讛 诪爪诇诪讛 讛讬讘专讬讚讬转 砖讬砖 诇讛 讬讻讜诇讜转 讜讬讚讗讜 讟讜讘讜转 诪住驻讬拽 诇注谞讬讬谉 讗转 讛砖讜拽 讛诪拽爪讜注讬. 讘诪拽讘讬诇, 讬讻讜诇讜转 讛住讟讬诇住 砖诇 讛诪爪诇诪讜转 讛砖转驻专讜 讘讛讚专讙讛 诪讚讜专 诇讚讜专, 讛谉 注讚讬讬谉 诇讗 讬讻诇讜 诇讛转讞专讜转 讘诪爪诇诪讜转 讛DSLR 砖砖诇讟讜 讘砖讜拽 讚讗讝.
讛讬讜诐, 注诐 讛砖拽转 讛GH4, 讛转诪讜谞讛 诪砖转谞讛.
讛GH4, 讻诪讜 讛GH3 讛讬讗 诪爪诇诪讛 砖谞讜爪专讛 转讜讱 诪讞讜讬讘讜转 砖诇 驻谞住讜谞讬拽 诇驻谞讜转 诇拽讛诇 讬注讚 诪拽爪讜注讬 – 讝讜 诇讗 诪爪诇诪讛 诪拽爪讜注讬转 讘诪专讗讛 讗讜 讘诪讘谞讛 砖诇讛 讗诪谞诐 – 讗讱 讝讜 诪爪诇诪讛 拽讟谞讛 讬讞住讬转 砖谞讬转谉 诇讛砖转诪砖 讘讛 讛谉 诇砖讬诪讜砖讬诐 讘讬转讬讬诐, 讜讛谉 诇砖讬诪讜砖讬诐 诪拽爪讜注讬讬诐, 讘讛爪诇讞讛 专讘讛. 讞讬讬砖谉 讛16 诪讙讛-驻讬拽住诇 讛讞讚砖 砖诇 讛诪爪诇诪讛, 诪爪讬注 讘讬爪讜注讬诐 讛诪拽讘讬诇讬诐 讜讗祝 注讚讬驻讬诐 诇讞诇拽 诪讛DSLR 讛驻讜驻讜诇专讬讬诐 讘砖讜拽 (7D 砖诇 拽谞讜谉), 讛讜讗 诇讗 讬讻讜诇 诇讛转讞专讜转 讘诪爪诇诪讜转 讛Full Frame 诪讘讬转 拽谞讜谉, 谞讬拽讜谉 讜住讜谞讬 – 讗讱 讛讜讗 诇讗 讝拽讜拽 诇讻讱, 讗诇讜 诪爪诇诪讜转 讬拽专讜转 讘讛专讘讛, 讜讻讘讚讜转 讘讛专讘讛. 讛讬讬转专讜谉 砖诇 讛GH4 讛讜讗 讘讬讞住 讘讬谉 讙讜讚诇讛 讜砖诇诇 讛驻讬爪’专讬诐 砖讛讬讗 诪爪讬注讛, 诇讘讬谉 注诇讜转讛. 讗讬谉 砖讜诐 诪爪诇诪讛 讘讟讜讜讞 诪讞讬专 讛讝讛, 砖诪转拽专讘转 诇讘讬爪讜注讬 讛讜讬讚讗讜 砖诇 讛GH4 讜讘讬爪讜注讬 讛住讟讬诇住 砖诇讛 讟讜讘讬诐 诪住驻讬拽 讻讚讬 诇爪讬讬谉 讗讜转诐 诇讞讬讜讘 (讗讱 驻讛, 讛转讞专讜转 拽砖讛 讬讜转专 – 讙诐 诪诪爪诇诪讜转 mirrorless 砖诇 住讜谞讬, 讜讙诐 诪诪爪诇诪讜转 DSLR 诪讜讚专谞讬讜转 诪讘讬转 谞讬拽讜谉 讜住讜谞讬).
讗讝 诪讛 讛讜驻讱 讗转 讛GH4 诇诪讬讜讞讚转?
专讗砖讬转 – 讬讻讜诇讜转 讛讜讬讚讗讜 砖诇 讛诪爪诇诪讛.
讛GH4 诪爪诇诪转 讘驻讜专诪讟 讛4K 讛讞讚砖, 讗砖专 注转讬讚 诇讛讞诇讬祝 讗转 驻讜专诪讟 讛FULL HD 讗砖专 谞转诪讱 讘诪专讘讬转 讛讟诇讜讜讬讝讬讜转 讘砖讜拽. 爪讬诇讜诐 讘4K 讞讚 讘讛专讘讛 诪爪讬诇讜诐 讘FULL HD – 讛专讝讜诇讜爪讬讛 砖诇 讻诇 驻专讬讬诐 讛讬讗 砖诇 8.3 诪讙讛-驻讬拽住诇, 诇注讜诪转 2.1 诪讙讛-驻讬拽住诇. 讛诪砖诪注讜转 讛讬讗 砖讻诇 驻专讬讬诐 讜讬讚讗讜 讘爪讬诇讜诐 4K 讞讚 驻讜讟谞爪讬讗诇讬转 讻诪讜 爪讬诇讜诐 住讟讬诇住 诪诪讜爪注. 诪讚讜讘专 讘讛诪讜谉 诪讬讚注 砖讘讬讚讬讬诐 砖诇 诪拽爪讜注谉 – 讬砖 讛专讘讛 诪讛 诇注砖讜转 讗讬转讜.
转讗专讜 诇注爪诪讻诐 砖讗转讛 诪爪诇诪讬诐 专讗讬讜谉 注诐 诪讬砖讛讜, 讜讗转诐 专讜爪讬诐 诇爪诇诐 砖讜讟 拽专讜讘 讬讜转专 鈥 讙诐 讗诐 爪讬诇诪转 讗转 讻诇 讛专讗讬讜谉 诪谞拽讜讚讛 讘讜讚讚转, 转讜讻诇讜 驻砖讜讟 诇讘爪注 讞讬转讜讱 砖诇 讛驻专讬讬诐 诪拽讜专讘 讬讜转专 诇驻谞讬讜 砖诇 讛诪专讜讗讬讬谉.
讛讟讬注讜谉 讛专讗砖讜谉 诇讟讜讘转 爪讬诇讜诐 讘4K 讛讜讗 讗讜转讜 讟讬注讜谉 砖驻注诐 讛砖转诪砖讜 讘讜 讻讚讬 诇讛住讘讬专 诇诪讛 诪爪诇诪讜转 住讟讬诇住 注诐 讞讬讬砖谉 讘专讝讜诇讜爪讬讛 讙讘讜讛讛 讟讜讘讜转 诪讗诇讜 注诐 讞讬讬砖谉 讘专讝讜诇讜爪讬讛 谞诪讜讻讛 (‘讻讬 转讜讻诇讜 诇讘爪注 转讬拽讜谉 砖诇 讛转诪讜谞讛 注诇 讬讚讬 讞讬转讜讱 讘驻讜讟讜砖讜驻’). 讘谞讜住祝, 讙诐 讗诐 讗转诐 诪转讻讜讜谞讬诐 诇爪诇诐 讜讬讚讗讜 讘FULL HD, 讬砖 讛讙讬讜谉 专讘 诇爪诇诐 讘诪拽讜专 讘驻讜专诪讟 讛4K 讜诇讻讜讜抓 讗转 讛转诪讜谞讛 诇FULL HD 讘砖诇讘 讛注专讬讻讛 – 讛讜讬讚讗讜 砖讬转拽讘诇 讬讛讬讛 讞讚 讬讜转专 诪讜讬讚讗讜 砖爪讜诇诐 讘诪拽讜专 讘FULL HD, 讜讘诪拽专讛 讛住驻爪讬驻讬 砖诇 讛GH4 讬专讗讛 讙诐 讟讜讘 讬讜转专 诪讘讞讬谞讜转 讗讞专讜转 – 诪爪讘 爪讬诇讜诐 讛4K 讘GH4 , 住讜讘讬讬拽讟讬讘讬转, 讘注讬谞讬, 驻砖讜讟 谞专讗讛 讬讜转专 讟讜讘 诇诇讗 拽砖专 诇讞讚讜转 (诪讘讞讬谞转 讟讜讜讞 讚讬谞讗诪讬 讜讗讜驻讬 讛转诪讜谞讛 讛讻讜诇诇). 讛诪专讛 谞讻讜谞讛 砖诇 驻讜专诪讟 4K 诇Full HD 诪讗驻砖专转, 转讬讗讜专讟讬转, 诇拽讘诇 讙诐 讟讜讜讞 讟讜谞讗诇讬 讟讜讘 讬讜转专 讘讜讬讚讗讜 讛诪讜诪专 鈥 讗讱 讝讜 讟注谞讛 诪注讜专专转 诪讞诇讜拽转 讘拽专讘 诪讜诪讞讬诐.
爪讬诇讜诐 讛讜讬讚讗讜 讘4K (讘讬谉 讗诐 讘诪爪讘 讛4K 讛拽讜诇谞讜注讬, 讗讜 讘诪爪讘 讛UHD 讗砖专 转讜讗诐 诇驻专讜驻讜专爪讬讜转 诪住讻讬 讛讟诇讜讜讬讝讬讛) 诪讜讙讘诇 诇30 讜24 驻专讬讬诪讬诐 诇砖谞讬讛. 讛专讗砖讜谉 诪转讗讬诐 讬讜转专 诇爪讬诇讜诪讬诐 诇讛爪讙讛 注诇 诪讞砖讘 (讛注诇讗转 住专讟讜谞讬诐 诇讬讜讟讬讜讘, 诇诪砖诇) 讜讛砖谞讬 谞讞砖讘 讻住讟谞讚专讟 拽讜诇谞讜注讬, 讗砖专 讬转讗讬诐 讬讜转专 诇诪讬 砖诪讞驻砖 讗转 讛讗讜驻讬 砖诇 转诪讜谞讛 拽讜诇谞讜注讬转. 讛诪爪诇诪讛 诪讗驻砖专转 诇爪诇诐 讙诐 讜讬讚讗讜 讘1080P (鈥楩ULL HD鈥), 讘拽爪讘讬 驻专讬讬诪讬诐 砖诇 50 讜60 驻专讬讬诪讬诐 诇砖谞讬讛, 讘讘讬讟专讬讬讟 讙讘讜讛 讘诪讬讜讞讚 (200mbps). 砖讬诇讜讘 砖诇 讜讬讚讗讜 讘50 讗讜 60 驻专讬讬诪讬诐 诇砖谞讬讛, 注诐 转讜讻谉 砖爪讜诇诐 讘24 讗讜 30 驻专讬讬诪讬诐 诇砖谞讬讛, 诪讗驻砖专 诇讬爪讜专 讗驻拽讟 讛讬诇讜讱-讗讬讟讬 讘讗讜驻谉 讬讚谞讬. 讛诪爪诇诪讛 讗祝 诪讗驻砖专转 诇爪诇诐 转讜讻谉 讘驻专讬讬诪专讬讬讟 诪讛讬专, 注讚 拽爪讘讬诐 砖诇 96 驻专讬讬诪讬诐 诇砖谞讬讛 (砖讛讜讗, 讻砖诪讜爪讙 注诇 住专讟讜谉 讛专抓 讘24 驻专讬讬诪讬诐 诇砖谞讬讛, 砖讜讜讛 注专讱 诇讛讗讟讛 砖诇 驻讬 4). 拽爪讘讬 讛讜讬讚讗讜 讛诪讜拽诇讟讬诐, 谞讬转谉 诇砖诪讜专 讘诪注讟驻转 砖诇 MOV 讗讜 MP4 鈥 讛讘讞讬专讛 诇讗 诪砖驻讬注讛 注诇 讗讬讻讜转 讛讜讬讚讗讜 讗讱 诪讗驻砖专转 诇讛拽诇讬讟 讜讬讚讗讜 砖转讜讗诐 讘爪讜专讛 讟讜讘讛 讬讜转专 诇转讜讻谞讜转 注专讬讻讛 砖讜谞讜转, 讜诪注专讻讜转 讛驻注诇讛 砖讜谞讜转 (OSX 诇注讜诪转 Windows). 讛诪讙讜讜谉 讛专讞讘 砖诇 讗驻砖专讜讬讜转 讛拽诇讟转 讛讜讬讚讗讜, 诇讘讚讜, 诪专讗讛 讻讬 诇讗 诪讚讜讘专 讘诪爪诇诪讛 讘讬转讬转 诪砖讜诐 讘讞讬谞讛 鈥 专讬讘讜讬 讛讗驻砖专讜讬讜转 讛讝讛 谞驻讜抓 讘注讬拽专 讘诪爪诇诪讜转 讜讬讚讗讜 诪拽爪讜注讬讜转 讛讬拽专讜转 讘讛专讘讛 诪讛GH4.
讗讬讻讜转 讛讜讬讚讗讜 注爪诪讜 讙讘讜讛讛 诪讗讜讚 鈥 讛诪爪诇诪讛 诪爪诇讬讞讛 诇住驻拽 转诪讜谞讛 谞拽讬讛, 讞驻讛 诪讗专讟讬驻拽讟讬诐 讘讜诇讟讬诐 砖诇 讻讬讜讜抓, 讜讘注诇转 讟讜讜讞 讚讬谞讗诪讬 讙讘讜讛, 注诇 讙讘讬 拽讘爪讬诐 拽讟谞讬诐 讘讗讜驻谉 讬讞住讬, 讜拽诇讬诐 诇注专讬讻讛. 诪讗讜讞专 讬讜转专 讛砖谞讛, 诪拽诇讬讟讬诐 讞讬爪讜谞讬讬诐 讻讙讜谉 讛Atomos Shogun 讬讗驻砖专讜 诇讛拽诇讬讟 讜讬讚讗讜 讘讗讜驻谉 讞讬爪讜谞讬, 讜诇讗驻砖专 诇GH4 诇住驻拽 专讝讜诇讜爪讬讬转 爪讘注 讙讘讜讛讛 讬讜转专 (讛拽诇讟讛 讘驻讜诪专讟 10bit 4:2:2) 讗砖专 转拽诇 注诇 注专讬讻转 爪讘注讬诐 讜砖讬诪讜砖 讘诪爪诇诪讛 诇爪专讻讬 Compositing (砖讬诪讜砖 讘诪住讱 讬专讜拽 诇讛诇讘砖转 讛爪讬诇讜诐 注诇 讙讘讬 讜讬讚讗讜 讗讞专).
诇诪爪诇诪讛 诪住驻专讬 驻专讜驻讬诇讬 爪讘注, 讗砖专 诪讗驻砖专讬诐 诇拽讘诇 转诪讜谞讜转 讘注诇讜转 讗讜驻讬 砖讜谞讛 诪讗讜讚 鈥 驻专讜驻讬诇 讛Standard 诪住驻拽 转诪讜谞讛 讟讘注讬转, 讞讚讛 讜专讜讜讬讛, 讗砖专 诪转讗讬诪讛 诇诪讬 砖驻砖讜讟 专讜爪讛 诇爪诇诐 讜诇讛爪讬讙 讗转 讛讞讜诪专讬诐 讬砖讬专讜转 注诇 诪住讱 讟诇讜讜讬讝讬讛/诪讞砖讘. 诇注讜诪转 讝讗转, 驻专讜驻讬诇讬诐 讻讙讜谉 讛Cine-D, 诪讗驻砖专讬诐 诇拽讘诇 转诪讜谞讛 专讻讛 讘讛专讘讛, ‘讞诇讘讬转’ 讬讜转专, 讗砖专 诪转讗讬诪讛 诇转讬拽讜谞讬 爪讘注, 讜诪讗驻砖专转 诇拽讘诇 讟讜讜讞 讚讬谞讗诪讬 诪讬专讘讬 (讗讜, 诇讬转专 讚讬讜拽, 诇诪驻讜转 讗转 讛讟讜讜讞 讛讚讬谞讗诪讬 砖诇 讛讞讬讬砖谉 讘爪讜专讛 讗讜驻讟讬诪诇讬转 讬讜转专 注诇 讙讘讬 讛讟讜讜讞 讛诪讜讙讘诇 讘拽讬讚讜讚 讛讜讬讚讗讜). 砖讬诪讜砖 诪讜砖讻诇 讘驻专讜驻讬诇讬诐 砖诇 讛转诪讜谞讛 讛讻专讞讬 诇爪讬诇讜诐 讜讬讚讗讜 诪拽爪讜注讬 注诇 讛诪爪诇诪讛 诪讻讬讜讜谉 砖讛讜讬讚讗讜 诇讗 谞砖诪专 讘驻讜诪专讟 RAW 鈥 诪讛 砖爪讬诇诪谞讜, 讝讛 诪讛 砖谞专讗讛 讻砖谞注专讜讱 讗转 讛住专讟讜谉, 讜讻讻诇 砖谞讚讬讬拽 讬讜转专 讘讛讙讚专讜转 讛爪讬诇讜诐 (讘讬谉 讗诐 讞砖讬驻讛, 驻专讜驻讬诇讬 爪讘注, 讗讬讝讜谉 诇讜讘谉) 讬讛讬讛 拽诇 讬讜转专 诇讛讙讬注 诇转讜爪讗讛 讛专爪讜讬讛. 讗诪谞诐 诪讚讜讘专 讘诪爪诇诪转 讜讬讚讗讜 诪拽爪讜注讬转, 讗讱 讛讬讗 诪专讙讬砖讛 诪讜讙讘诇转 诪注讟 讘讬讞住 诇诪爪诇诪讜转 拽讜诇谞讜注讬讜转 讛诪爪诇诪讜转 RAW. 讙诐 讘讛谉, 讗诪谞诐, 诇讗 转诪讬讚 谞讬转谉 诇讛爪讬诇 讜讬讚讗讜 砖谞讞砖祝 讘爪讜专讛 砖讙讜讬讛.
爪诇诪讬 讜讬讚讗讜 砖诪谞住讬诐 诪爪诇诪讛 讻诪讜 讛GH4 驻注诐 专讗砖讜谞讛 讬讗诇爪讜 诇讛讻讬专 讘诪讙讘诇讜转 谞讜住驻讜转 砖诇 诪爪诇诪讜转 讛讬讘专讬讚讬讜转 讜DSLR 鈥 nd filter 诪讜讘谞讛, 讛诪讗驻砖专 诇讛讞砖讬讱 讗转 讛转诪讜谞讛 (讜诇驻转讜讞 爪诪爪诐 讘讛转讗诐, 诇拽讘诇转 注讜诪拽 砖讚讛 专讚讜讚) 诇讗 诪讜讘谞讛 讘转讜讱 讛诪爪诇诪讛. 诇爪讜专讱 讻讱 谞讬转谉 诇拽谞讜转 nd filter 讞讬爪讜谞讬, 讗砖专 诪转诇讘砖 注诇 讛注讚砖讛. 诇诪讬 砖讬砖 诪住驻专 专讘 砖诇 注讚砖讜转, 诪讚讜讘专 讘讛讜爪讗讛 驻讜讟谞爪讬讗诇讬转 讙讘讜讛讛. 诇爪讜专讱 讻讱, 讗驻砖专 诇讛砖转诪砖 讘nd filter 讘注讜爪诪讛 诪砖转谞讛, 讜讘砖讬诇讜讘 注诐 讟讘注讜转 step up 讻讚讬 诇讛转讗讬诐 诇注讚砖讜转 讘注诇讜转 讛讘专讙讛 讘拽讜讟专 讛砖讜谞讛. 讙诐 驻讛 讬砖 讘注讬讛 鈥 nd filters 讘注讜爪诪讛 诪砖转谞讛, 谞讜讟讬诐 诇讛讜住讬祝 讙讜讜谉 爪讘注 拽诇 诇转诪讜谞讛, 讜讬砖 爪讜专讱 诇讘爪注 讗讬讝讜谉 诇讜讘谉 谞讜住祝 讘砖讬诪讜砖 讘讛诐. 讗讬谉 住驻拽 砖nd filter 驻谞讬诪讬 诪讜讘谞讛, 讘讗讝讜专 讛讞讬讬砖谉 讜诇讗 注诇 讙讘讬 讛注讚砖讛, 讛讬讛 讛讜驻讱 讗转 讛GH4 (讜讗转 讻诇 诪转讞专讜转讬讛) 诇讻诇讬 爪讬诇讜诐 讜讬讚讗讜 谞讜讞 讘讛专讘讛. 讘诪讜讘谉 讛讝讛, 讛GH4 拽专讜讘讛 讬讜转专 诇诪爪诇诪讜转 拽讜诇谞讜注 诪讗砖专 诇诪爪诇诪讜转 讜讬讚讗讜 住讟谞讚专讟讬讜转. 砖讬诪讜砖 讘GH4 诇诇讗 nd filter 诇讗 诪讗驻砖专 诇爪诇诐 讘诪讛讬专讜转 转专讬住 谞诪讜讻讛, 讜诇拽讘诇 转谞讜注讛 讟讘注讬转 讬讜爪专 鈥 讛拽讜谞讘谞爪讬讛 讛拽讜诇谞讜注讬转 讛讬讗 砖诪讛讬专讜转 讛转专讬住 爪专讬讻讛 诇讛讬讜转 讻驻讜诇讛 诪拽爪讘 讛驻专讬讬诪讬诐 鈥 爪讬诇讜诐 讘24 驻专讬讬诪讬诐 诇砖谞讬讛, 诪讜诪诇抓 讜讬爪讜诇诐 讘诪讛讬专讜转 转专讬住 砖诇 1/48 讗讜 1/50 诇拽讘诇转 转谞讜注讛 讞诇拽讛. 爪讬诇讜诐 讘诪讛讬专讜转 转专讬住 讻讝讜 诇讗 讗驻砖专讬, 讘讗讜专 讬讜诐, 诪讘诇讬 nd filter 讗讜 住讙讬专转 爪诪爪诐 诪讗住讬讘讬转 (f/16 讜讗祝 f/20 讘砖诪砖 讛讬砖专讗诇讬转) 讜讝讜 诪讙讘诇讛 砖诇 诪诪砖 诪讘讞讬谞转 诪专讗讛 讛讜讬讚讗讜 砖谞讜爪专.
诇爪讜专讱 爪讬诇讜诐 讜讬讚讗讜 诪拽爪讜注讬, 驻谞住讜谞讬拽 讛砖讬拽讛 讗讘讬讝专 讛讬拽驻讬 讛谞拽专讗 AF-YAGH, 讛讗讘讬讝专 讛谞专讗讛 讻诪讜 讙专讬驻 (讗讱 讘驻讜注诇, 讙讚讜诇 讘讛专讘讛 诪讙讜祝 讛诪爪诇诪讛) 诪讗驻砖专 诇讞讘专 讞讬讘讜专讬 XLR (转讜讱 讗住驻拽转 Phantom Power), 讞讬讘讜专讬 SDI 讜micro HDMI 诇诪拽诇讬讟 讜讬讚讗讜 讞讬爪讜谞讬. 讗驻拽讟讬讘讬转, 讝讜 讚专讱 谞讛讚专转 诇讛砖转诪砖 讘诪爪诇诪讛 诇爪专讻讬 讜讬讚讗讜 诪拽爪讜注讬讬诐 讘讛驻拽讜转 诪讜专讻讘讜转 讬讜转专 鈥 讛讬讻讜诇转 诇讛拽诇讬讟 住讗讜谞讚 注诇 讙讘讬 讛诪爪诇诪讛, 讘讗诪爪注讜转 讻讘诇 砖谞讬转谉 诇驻专讜住 讗讜转讜 讛专讞拽 诪讛诪爪诇诪讛, 讞砖讜讘讛 诪讗讜讚 讙诐 讗诐 诪讚讜讘专 讘注专讜抓 住讗讜谞讚 诪砖谞讬 诇爪专讻讬 住讻专讜谉 鈥 讜讛讛拽诇讟转 讛住讗讜谞讚 诪转讘爪注转 注诇 讙讘讬 诪拽诇讬讟 住讗讜谞讚 诪拽爪讜注讬. 讞讬讘讜专讬 讛SDI 讬转拽讘诇讜 讘讘专讻讛 讗爪诇 讗讜诇驻谞讬诐 讜诪拽爪讜注谞讬诐 砖注讜讘讚讬诐 注诐 爪讬讜讚 诪转讗讬诐. 讛AF-YAGH 诇讗 讞祝 诪讘注讬讜转 讻讘专 讘砖诇讘 讛转讻谞讜谉 砖诇讜 鈥 讛讜讗 诇讗 诪讻讬诇 住讜诇诇讛 驻谞讬诪讬转, 讜讻讻讝讛, 讗讬谞讜 谞讬讬讚. 诪谞讙讚, 诪讬 砖爪专讬讱 讞讬讘讜专讬诐 讛讬拽驻讬讬诐 讻诪讜 XLR 讻谞专讗讛 讜诇讗 诪转谞讬讬讚 讬讜转专 诪讚讬, 讜诪爪讜讬 讘住讘讬讘讛 讛谞讙讬砖讛 诇讞讬讘讜专讬 讞砖诪诇.
专讙讬砖讜转 讛讗讜专 砖诇 讛诪爪诇诪讛, 讛讬讗 讗讜诇讬 注拽讘 讗讻讬诇住 砖诇 讻诇 讛驻讜专诪讟 鈥 讛GH4 诪爪讜讬讬讚转 讘讞讬讬砖谉 拽讟谉 讬讞住讬转 诇DSLR, 讘注诇 拽讟谉 驻讬 2 诪讞讬讬砖谉 Full Frame 讗讜 驻讬诇诐 35 诪”诪 住讟谞讚专讟讬. 诇注讜讘讚讛 讝讜 讬砖 讬转专讜谞讜转 讜讞住专讜谞讜转, 讗讘诇 讘讛拽砖专 讘讬爪讜注讬 讛诪爪诇诪讛 讘转讗讜专讛 谞诪讜讻讛, 讝讛 讞住专讜谉 诪诪砖讬. 讛诪爪诇诪讛 诪爪讬讗讛 讟讜讜讞 ISO 砖诇 讘讬谉 200 诇25,600, 讗讱 讘驻讜注诇, 爪讬诇讜诐 诪注诇 1600 讗讬讝讜 诪住驻拽 转诪讜谞讛 专讜注砖转 讬讞住讬转. 讗讜驻讬 讛专注砖 注爪诪讜, 讚讬 谞讜讞 诇注讬谞讬讬诐, 讘讟讞 讘讬讞住 诇讚讜专讜转 拽讜讚诪讬诐 砖诇 诪爪诇诪讜转. 诇讗 谞讬转谉 诇诪爪讜讗 转讘谞讬讜转 专注砖 拽讘讜注讜转 (讗讜转谉 拽砖讛 诪讗讜讚 诇谞拽讜转 讘砖诇讘 讛注专讬讻讛) 讻诪讜 讘讚讜专 讛专讗砖讜谉 砖诇 讛诪爪诇诪讜转 讛讛讬讘专讬讚讬讜转 (讛GH1 讛讬讬转讛 诪爪诇诪讛 讙专讜注讛 讘诪讬讜讞讚 诇爪讬诇讜诐 讘转讗讜专讛 谞诪讜讻讛, 讘讙诇诇 转讜驻注转 讛Fixed Pattern Noise, 讜讛ISO 讛砖讬诪讜砖讬 讛诪拽住讬诪诇讬 诇砖讬诪讜砖 诪拽爪讜注讬 讘讛 讛讬讛 800). 讘住讱 讛讻诇, 讗诇讜 讘讬爪讜注讬诐 诪爪讜讬谞讬诐 讘讛转讞砖讘 讘讙讜讚诇 讛诪爪诇诪讛, 讜讘诪讙讘诇讜转 讛驻讜专诪讟. 谞讬转谉 诇诪爪讜讗 注讚砖讜转 注诐 诪驻转讞 爪诪爪诐 讙讚讜诇 诪讗讜讚 (f/0.95) 诇驻讜专诪讟 讛Micro Four Thirds 砖讘讜 讛GH4 诪砖转诪砖转, 讜砖讬诇讜讘 砖诇 注讚砖讛 讻讗诇讜 注诐 讗讬讝讜 砖诇 注讚 1600 讬讗驻砖专 诇爪诇诐 讜讬讚讗讜 讗讬讻讜转讬 讘诪专讘讬转 诪爪讘讬 讛转讗讜专讛. 爪讬诇讜诪讬诐 讘注诇讬 转谞讗讬 转讗讜专讛 讙专讜注讬诐 诪讗讜讚, 讬讬转讻谉 讜讬讛讬讛 砖讜讜讛 诇讬讬爪专 注诐 诪爪诇诪讛 讗讞专转 鈥 讗诐 讗转诐 诇讗 讬讻讜诇讬诐 诇讞讬讜转 注诐 讛诪讙讘诇讛 讛讝讜, 讝讜 诇讗 讛诪爪诇诪讛 讘砖讘讬诇讻诐. 讻讚讬 诇砖讬诐 讗转 讻诇 讛住讜讙讬讛 讘驻专讜驻讜专爪讬讜转 – 讘讬爪讜注讬 讛诪爪诇诪讛 讘ISO 讙讘讜讛 讘讜讬讚讗讜, 诇讗 谞讜驻诇讬诐 诇讚注转讬 诪讗砖专 讗诇讜 砖诇 讛7D 砖诇 拽谞讜谉 鈥 诪爪诇诪讛 驻讜驻讜诇专讬转 讘讬讜转专 讛谉 诇砖讬诪讜砖 讘讜讬讚讗讜, 讜讛谉 诇爪诇诪讬 讗讬专讜注讬诐, 注讬转讜谞讜转 讜讻讜’. 讗诐 讛讚专讬砖讛 讛讬讗 诇讘讬爪讜注讬诐 讙讘讜讛讬诐 诪讗诇讜, 诪爪诇诪讜转 FULL FRAME, 讘专讗砖谉 讛Mirroless 讛讞讚砖讛 砖诇 住讜谞讬 鈥 讛A7S, 诪转讗讬诪讜转 讬讜转专 诇爪专讻讬诐 砖诇讻诐.
讘转讞讜诐 讛住讟讬诇住, 拽砖讛 诇讜诪专 砖讛GH4 诪专砖讬诪讛, 讘讛讬讘讟 讛讘讬爪讜注讬诐, 讻诪讜 讘讜讬讚讗讜. 讗讘诇 诪讛 砖讛GH4 诇讗 注讜砖讛 讘讗讬讻讜转 转诪讜谞讛 讗讘住讜诇讜讟讬转 鈥 讛讬讗 讬讜转专 诪注讜砖讛 讘驻讬爪’专讬诐. 讗讞转 讛转讻讜谞讜转 讛诪注谞讬讬谞讜转 讘讬讜转专 讘爪讬诇讜诐 住讟讬诇住 注诐 讛GH4 讛讜讗 ‘诪爪讘-砖拽讟’. 讘砖讬诪讜砖 讘诪爪讘 讝讛, 讛诪爪诇诪讛 诇讗 诪砖转诪砖转 讘转专讬住 讛诪讻讗谞讬, 讜注讜讘讚转 讘讗讜驻谉 讚讜诪讛 诇诪爪诇诪讛 拽讜诪驻拽讟讬转. 讛诪砖诪注讜转? 爪讬诇讜诐 砖拽讟 诇讞诇讜讟讬谉. 转讻讜谞讛 讝讜 诇讘讚讛, 讬讻讜诇讛 诇讛驻讜讱 讗讜转讛 诇驻讜驻讜诇专讬转 诪讗讜讚 讘拽专讘 爪诇诪讬 专讞讜讘, 爪诇诪讬 讞转讜谞讜转 讜讻诇 诪讬 砖讞驻抓 诇讛讬讜转 讘讜诇讟 讻诪讛 砖驻讞讜转, 讘砖讟讞. 讘诪爪讘 讛砖拽讟, 谞讬转谉 诇爪诇诐 注诇 40 驻专讬讬诪讬诐 诇砖谞讬讛, 讘JPEG. 讝讜 诇讗 讟注讜转 鈥 40 驻专讬讬诪讬诐 诇砖谞讬讛. 讛讬砖 诪爪诇诪讛 砖诇 谞讬拽讜谉 讗讜 拽谞讜谉 砖讬讻讜诇讛 诇住驻拽 拽爪讘 爪讬诇讜诐 讚讜诪讛? 讞诇拽 诪讛拽讛诇 讛诪拽爪讜注讬 讬注讚讬祝 讗讜诇讬 10 驻专讬讬诪讬诐 诇砖谞讬讛, 注诐 爪讬诇讜诐 RAW 讘讛砖讜讜讗讛 鈥 讗讱 讙诐 讗讬讻讜转 讛转诪讜谞讛 讛讟讜讘讛 讘讬讜转专, 诇讗 砖讜讜讛 讻诇讜诐 讗诐 诇讗 转驻住转诐 讗转 讛专讙注. 讛讗讜讟讜驻讜拽讜住 砖诇 讛诪爪诇诪讛, 诪砖转诪砖 讘诪谞讙谞讜谉 讬讬讞讜讚讬 砖诇 驻谞住讜谞讬拽, 讗砖专 诪讜转讗诐 诇驻专讜驻讬诇讬诐 砖讜谞讬诐 砖诇 注讚砖讜转 诪讘讬转 驻谞住讜谞讬拽 注爪诪诐 鈥 驻讬拽讜住 砖诇 讛诪爪诇诪讛 注诐 注讚砖转 讛14-140 诪专讙讬砖 诪讛讬专 诪讗讜讚, 讜诪讚讜讬讬拽 诪讗讜讚. 诇诪注砖讛, 讛GH4 诪转驻拽住转 诪讛专 讘讬讞住 诇诪专讘讬转 讛诪爪诇诪讜转 砖爪讬诇诪转讬 讗讬转谉 讘注讘专. 讛GH4 讘注诇转 讬讻讜诇讜转 住讟讬诇住 讙讘讜讛讜转 诪讗讜讚, 讜讗讬讻讜转 转诪讜谞讛 住讟谞讚专讟讬转. 诇讻诇 诪讬 砖诪讞驻砖 诪爪诇诪讛 讛讬讘专讬讚讬转, 讗讬谉 讗讜驻爪讬讛 讟讜讘讛 讬讜转专 讘砖讜拽, 讜讗讬诇讜 鈥 讗诐 讗转诐 诪讞驻砖讬诐 诪爪诇诪转 住讟讬诇住 讟讜讘讛, 讛GH4 讬讻讜诇讛 诇讛讬讜转 讗讜驻爪讬讛 谞讛讚专转, 讘讛谞讞讛 讜讗讬讻讜转 转诪讜谞讛 讗讘住讜诇讜讟讬转 讗讬谞谞讛 讛讚专讱 讘讛 讗转诐 讘讜讞谞讬诐 诪爪诇诪讛. 讙诐 驻讛, 讞砖讜讘 诇爪讬讬谉 讗转 讛诪讬诪讚 讛讬讞住讬, 讛GH4 讛讬讗 讛诪爪诇诪讛 讛讟讜讘讛 讘讬讜转专 诪讘讞讬谞转 讗讬讻讜转 转诪讜谞讛 诇驻讜专诪讟 讛Micro Four Thirds 鈥 讛讬讗 讘讙讚讜诇, 砖讜讜转 注专讱 诇诪爪诇诪讜转 DSLR 讟讜讘讜转 诪讚讜专讜转 拽讜讚诪讬诐 (讻诪讜 讛7D 砖讻讘专 讗讝讻专转讬), 转讜讱 诪转谉 驻讬爪’专讬诐 专讘讬诐 讜讟讜讘讬诐, 讜诪爪讘 讜讬讚讗讜 砖讗讬谉 砖谞讬 诇讜 讘讟讜讜讞 讛诪讞讬专 讛讝讛.
讛GH4 (讻诪讜 讛GH3 砖拽讚诪讛 诇讛) 讘谞讜讬讛 讟讜讘 讘讛专讘讛 诪讛讚讜专讜转 讛专讗砖讜谞讬诐 砖诇 驻谞住讜谞讬拽. 讛讙讜祝 诪转讻转讬 (驻谞讬诪讬转) 讜诪专讙讬砖 讟讜讘 诪讗讜讚 讘讬讚 鈥 注讚讬讬谉, 诪讚讜讘专 讘诪爪诇诪讛 注讚讬谞讛 讬讞住讬转 诇诪爪诇诪讜转 DSLR. 讗诐 讗讬谞讻诐 讬讚讜注讬诐 讻讻讗诇讜 砖’诪转注诇诇讬诐’ 讘诪爪诇诪讜转, 讝讜 诇讗 转讛讬讛 讘注讬讛 注讘讜专讻诐. 讬砖 诇讛讬讝讛专 注诐 诪驻专拽 讛诪住讱, 讜注诐 转讗 讛住讜诇诇讛, 讻讞诇拽讬诐 砖诪专讙讬砖讬诐 诪讗住讬讘讬讬诐 驻讞讜转 诪讗砖专 诪拽讘讬诇讬讛诐 讘诪爪诇诪讜转 讜讬讚讗讜 诪拽爪讜注讬讜转, 诇诪砖诇. 诪谞讙讚, 诇诪爪诇诪讛 诪住讱 诪驻专拽讬 诪转讻讜讜谞谉, 砖谞讬转谉 诇住讜讘讘 拽讚讬诪讛, 讘诪讬讚讛 讜讗转诐 专讜爪讬诐 诇讘爪注 爪讬诇讜诐 讜讬讚讗讜 注爪诪讬, 诇诪砖诇. 讛诪住讱 讗讬讻讜转讬, 讗讱 诪讘专讬拽, 诪讛 砖诪拽砖讛 讘爪讬诇讜诐 讘讗讜专 讬讜诐. 诇注讜诪转 讝讗转, 讛注讬谞讬转 讛讗诇拽讟专讜谞讬转 砖诇 讛诪爪诇诪讛 诪住驻拽转 转诪讜谞讛 谞讛讚专转, 讜专讗讜讬 诇砖讘讞 讗转 驻谞住讜谞讬拽 注诇 讻讱 砖住讜祝 住讜祝, 讗讬谞谞讬 诪专讙讬砖 谞讞讜转 讘讬讞住 诇爪诇诪讬 住讟讬诇住, 讘砖讬诪讜砖 讘注讬谞讬转 讗诇拽讟专讜谞讬转 讘诪拽讜诐 讘讗讜驻讟讬转 (讛讬转专讜谉 讛诪专讻讝讬 砖诇 DSLR 诇注讜诪转 诪爪诇诪讜转 mirrorless). 讛注讬谞讬转 诪转专驻专砖转 讘60 驻专讬讬诪讬诐 诇砖谞讬讛 讜诪爪讬讙讛 爪讘注讬诐 谞讗诪谞讬诐 诇诪爪讬讗讜转 讜讞讚讜转 转诪讜谞讛 讙讘讜讛讛. 讗谞讬 诪注讚讬祝 诇讛砖转诪砖 讘注讬谞讬转 注诇 驻谞讬 讛诪住讱, 诇讘讟讞 讘爪讬诇讜诐 讘讗讜专 讬讜诐. 讻讚讬 诇讛砖转诪砖 讘诪住讱 讘讗讜专 讬讜诐 讬砖 诇讛爪诇讬诇 讗讜转讜, 讜拽讬讬诪讬诐 讗讘讬讝专讬诐 讛讬拽驻讬讬诐 砖诇 讬爪专谞讬 爪讬讜讚 讜讬讚讗讜 讻讚讬 诇讛诇讞诐 讘转讜驻注讛.
讛GH4 注诪讜住讛 讘转驻专讬讟讬诐, 讘讻驻转讜专讬诐, 讜讘讬讻讜诇讜转 砖讜谞讜转 (peaking, zebra, built in leveling) 鈥 爪诇诪讬诐 诪拽爪讜注讬讬诐 砖诪讜讻谞讬诐 诇讛砖拽讬注 讛讝诪谉 讜诇诇诪讜讚 讗讬讱 诇转驻注诇 讗转 讛诪爪诇诪讛 讬讛谞讜 诪讗讜讚 诪诪谞讛, 讜讘诪讬讜讞讚 砖讬讻讜诇讬诐 诇讙专讜诐 诇讛 诇注讘讜讚 讘爪讜专讛 砖诇讛 讛诐 专讙讬诇讬诐, 讘注讝专转 讻驻转讜专讬诐 讛谞讬转谞讬诐 诇砖讬谞讜讬 驻讜谞拽爪讬讜谞讗诇讬. 讻诪谞讙讚 鈥 讝讜 讛讗谞讟讬-转讝讛 诇爪讬诇讜诐 讘讬转讬, 讛诪爪诇诪讛 谞转驻住转 讻诪住讜讘讻转 讘砖讬诪讜砖 专讗砖讜谉 鈥 诪专讜讘 驻讬爪’专讬诐, 诇讗 专讜讗讬诐 讗转 讛讬注专.
诇讗 讛讬讬转讬 诪诪诇讬抓 注诇 专讻讬砖转 讛诪爪诇诪讛 讗诐 讗转诐 拽讛诇 讛讬注讚 砖讗讜讛讘 诇讛讜爪讬讗 讗转 讛诪爪诇诪讛 诪讛讻讬住 (讗讜 诪讛转讬拽, 讘诪拽专讛 讛讝讛) 讜驻砖讜讟 诇爪诇诐 鈥 驻谞住讜谞讬拽 诪爪讬注讛 诪爪诇诪讜转 注讚讬驻讜转 诇砖讬诪讜砖 讛讝讛, 讛GX7 讛住讟讬讬诇讬住讟讬转, 讜讛GM1 讛讗讜诇讟专讛-拽讜诪驻拽讟讬转. 砖转讬讛谉 讬讜转专 驻砖讜讟讜转 诇转驻注讜诇, 讜诪住驻拽讜转 讗讬讻讜转 转诪讜谞讛 诪爪讜讬谞转 讘住讟讬诇住 (讜诇讗 专注讛 讘讜讬讚讗讜, 讗诪谞诐, 诇讗 诪转拽专讘转 诇讝讜 砖诇 讛GH4).
讛讘讞讬谞讛 讛讗诪讬转讬转 砖诇 讛GH4 讛讬讗, 讻讗诪讜专, 讘讬讞住 诇讬拽讜诐 讘讜 砖讜讛讛 鈥 诇诪转讞专讜转 讛驻讜讟谞爪讬讗诇讬讜转 讜诇砖讬诪讜砖讬诐 砖诇 讛爪诇诐:

诪注讜谞讬讬谞讬诐 诇爪诇诐 讜讬讚讗讜 讘专讝讜诇讜爪讬转 4K, 讘驻讜专诪讟 讜讬讚讗讜 诪拽爪讜注讬, 讘诪讞讬专 讛谞诪讜讱 讘砖讜拽? 讗讬谉 砖讜诐 诪爪诇诪讛 讗讞专转 砖注讜谞讛 注诇 讛爪专讻讬诐 砖诇讻诐. 诇讗 讛讬讜诐, 讜诇讗 讘注转讬讚 讛拽专讜讘. 拽谞讜 讗转 讛GH4, 讜讗诐 讗转诐 讘讬转 讛驻拽讜转 诪拽爪讜注讬 注诐 转拽爪讬讘 讙讚讜诇 讬讜转专 鈥 拽谞讜 诪住驻专 诪爪诇诪讜转 讻讗诇讜, 诇讗 转转讗讻讝讘讜.
专讜爪讬诐 诪爪诇诪讛 砖注讜砖讛 讛讻诇 讟讜讘 (讙诐 讗诐 诇讗 诪讜砖诇诐)? 讛GH4 讘砖讘讬诇讻诐 鈥 讗讬讻讜转 讛讜讬讚讗讜, 讛住讟讬诇住, 谞讜讞讜转 讛砖讬诪讜砖 鈥 讛讻诇 驻讛 谞讻讜谉 (讗诐 讟专讞转诐 诇诇诪讜讚 讗转 讛诪爪诇诪讛 讻专讗讜讬).
专讜爪讬诐 诪爪诇诪讛 讟讜讘讛 诇爪讬诇讜诪讬诐 讘转讗讜专讛 谞诪讜讻讛? 讜讜转专讜 注诇 讛GH4, 讛讬讗 讟讜讘讛, 讗讱 诇讗 诪爪讜讬讬谞转 讘转讞讜诐 鈥 讞讻讜 诇讘讬拽讜专讜转 注诇 讛a7s 讛讞讚砖讛 砖诇 住讜谞讬, 讛谞”诇 注诇 讛谞讬讬专 诇驻讞讜转 鈥 讬讜转专 讟讜讘讛 诪讻诇 诪爪诇诪讛 讗讞专转 讘讬拽讜诐, 讘讗住驻拽讟 讛讝讛. 讗讜驻爪讬讛 讗讞专转 讛讬讗 专讻讬砖转 诪爪诇诪转 DSLR 注诐 讞讬讬砖谉 FULL FRAME, 讗驻讬诇讜 讛讝讜诇讜转 讘讬谞讛谉 (6D 讜d600/610) 诪住驻拽讜转 讘讬爪讜注讬 转讗讜专讛 谞诪讜讻讛 谞讛讚专讬诐.
专讜爪讬诐 诪爪诇诪转 讜讬讚讗讜 诪拽爪讜注讬转? 讗诐 讗转诐 讬讻讜诇讬诐 诇讜讜转专 注诇 讝讛 砖讗讬谉 诇讻诐 ND FILTER 诪讜讘谞讛, 讝讜 诪爪诇诪讛 谞讛讚专转 诇砖讬诪讜砖讬诐 专讘讬诐. 讗讬谉 诇讬 住驻拽 砖讘砖谞讬诐 讛拽专讜讘讜转 谞专讗讛 讬讜转专 讜讬讜转专 住专讟讬诐 注爪诪讗讬讬诐 讜住专讟讬诐 讚讜拽讜诪谞讟专讬讬诐 砖爪讜诇诪讜 注诐 诪爪诇诪讜转 讛讬讘专讬讚讬讜转 砖诇 驻谞住讜谞讬拽.
谞拽讜讚讛 讞砖讜讘讛 砖爪专讬讱 诇讛讝讻讬专, 诇诪讬 砖诪转诇讘讟 讘专讻讬砖转 诪爪诇诪讛 讻诪讜 讛GH4 鈥 驻讜专诪讟 讛micro four thirds 诪讗驻砖专 砖讬诪讜砖 讘讻诪注讟 讻诇 注讚砖讛 砖拽讬讬诪转 讘砖讜拽, 讘注讝专转 诪转讗诐 诪转讻转讬 驻砖讜讟. 讗诐 讗转诐 诇讗 诪爪诇诪讬诐 注诐 讗讜讟讜驻讜拽讜住 鈥 讛GH4 转讗驻砖专 诇讻诐 诇讛砖转诪砖 讘注讚砖讜转 讬砖谞讜转 砖诇 诪爪诇诪讜转 讛SLR 砖诇讻诐, 讜注爪诐 讛砖讬诪讜砖 讘讛 诪谞讙讬砖 讗转讻诐 诇砖诇诇 注讚砖讜转 鈥 诪注讚砖讜转 拽讜诇谞讜注 诇驻讜专诪讟 16诪”诪 讜注讚 诇注讚砖讜转 谞讬拽讜谉 诪诇驻谞讬 20 讜30 砖谞讛. 讝讜 讚专讱 谞讛讚专转 诇’诪讞讝专’ 爪讬讜讚 爪讬诇讜诐 讬砖谉 讗诐 讬砖 讘专砖讜转讻诐 讻讝讛, 讜讝讜 讛住讬讘讛 诇诪讛 讘讞专转讬 讘讗讜驻谉 讗讬砖讬 讘砖讬诪讜砖 讘诪爪诇诪讜转 Mirrorless 砖诇 驻谞住讜谞讬拽 鈥 讬砖 诇讬 注讚砖讜转 谞讬拽讜谉, 诪讬谞讜诇讟讛 讜拽谞讜谉 鈥 讜讻讜诇谉 谞讙讬砖讜转 诇讬 诪讘诇讬 爪讜专讱 诇拽谞讜转 诪爪诇诪讜转 讞讚砖讜转 讜砖讜谞讜转 诇讻诇 驻讜专诪讟.

诇住讬讻讜诐:
诪爪诇诪讜转 Mirrorless 讛谉 讛注转讬讚, 讜讛GH4 讛讬讗 讛讚讜讙诪讛 讛专讗砖讜谞讛 诇讗讬讱 讛注转讬讚 讛讝讛 爪驻讜讬 诇讛专讗讜转. 诇诪讞讬专 砖诇讛, 讜诇讙讜讚诇 砖诇讛 鈥 讗讬谉 诇讛 诪转讞专讜转, 讜讻砖转讛讬讬谞讛, 讗诇讜 讻谞专讗讛 转讛讬讬谞讛 诪转讞专讜转 诪讘讬转. 驻谞住讜谞讬拽 讛讜讻讬讞讛 砖讛讬讗 砖讜诪注转 诇专讞砖讬 讛爪讬讘讜专, 砖讻谉 讻诇 诪讛 砖讛讬讛 讞住专 讘诪爪诇诪讜转 讛拽讜讚诪讜转 砖诇讛, 讜爪专讻谞讬诐 讘讬拽砖讜 鈥 讛诐 拽讬讘诇讜 讘诪爪诇诪讛 讛讝讜. 讝讜 诇讗 诪爪诇诪讛 诪讜砖诇诪转 诪讻诇 讘讞讬谞讛, 讗讘诇 讛讞讜讜讬讛 讛讻讜诇诇转 砖诇讛 注讚讬驻讛 注诇 讻诇 诪爪诇诪讛 讗讞专转 砖讗讬 驻注诐 讛砖转诪砖转讬 讘讛, 讻讜诇诇 诪爪诇诪讜转 讬拽专讜转 讘讛专讘讛.